Publications (Selected Articles)


Avery, SN, VanDerKlok, R, Heckers, S, Blackford, JU. (2016) Impaired face recognition is associated with social inhibition. Psychiatry Research. DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.12.035 [Pubmed]
Avery SN, Clauss JA, Blackford, JU (2016). The human BNST: functional role in anxiety and addiction. Neuropsychopharmacology Reviews, 41(1), 126-141. [Pubmed]

Clauss, JA, Avery, SN, Blackford, JU (2015). The nature of individual differences in inhibited temperament and risk for psychiatric disease: a review and meta-analysis. Progress in Neurobiology, 127-128C: 23-45. 

Blackford, JU, Williams LE, Heckers, SH (2015).  Neural correlates of out-group bias predict social impairment in patients with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 164 (1-3),203-209. [Pubmed]

Clauss, JA, Avery, SN, VanDerKlok, R, Cowan, RC, Benningfield, MM &  Blackford, JU. (2014). Neurocircuitry underlying risk and resilience to social anxiety disorder. Depression and Anxiety, 31(1), 822-833. [Pubmed]

Clauss, JA, Seay, A, VanDerKlok, R, Avery, SN, Cao, A, Cowan, RL, Benningfield, MM &Blackford, JU. (2014). Structural and functional brain bases of inhibited temperament. Social, Cognitive, and Affective Neuroscience, 9(12), 2049-2058.  [Pubmed]

Blackford, JU, Clauss, JA, Avery, SN, Cowan, RL, Benningfield, MM, VanDerKlok, RM (2014). Amygdala-cingulate intrinsic connectivity is associated with degree of social inhibition. Biological Psychology, 99, 15-25. [Biological Psychology]

Avery, SN, Clauss, JA, Winder, D, Woodward, N, Heckers, S, Blackford, JU. (2014). BNST neurocircuitry in humans. Neuroimage, 91, 311-323. [Neuroimage]

Williams, LE, Blackford, JU, Luksik, A, Gauthier, I, Heckers, S (2013). Reduced habituation in patients with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 151(1-3), 124-132. [Schizophrenia Research]

Edmiston, KE & Blackford, JU (2013). Childhood maltreatment and brain response to novel faces in adults with inhibited temperament. Psychiatry Research–Neuroimaging, 212(1), 36-42. [Psychiatry Research Neuroimaging]

Blackford, JU, Allen, AH, Cowan, RL, and Avery, SN (2013). Amygdala and hippocampus fail to habituate to faces in individuals with an inhibited temperament. Social, Cognitive, and Affective Neuroscience,8(2), 143-150. [SCAN-OpenAccess]

Blackford, JU & Pine, D (2012). Neural substrates of childhood anxiety disorders: a review of neuroimaging findings. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 21, 501-525.  [PubMedCentral] [Clinics]

Clauss, JA & Blackford, JU (2012). Behavioral inhibition and risk for developing social anxiety disorder:  a meta-analytic study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 51(10), 1066-1075. [PubMedCentral] [JAACAP]

Avery, SN, Thornton-Wells, TA, Anderson, A, and Blackford, JU (2012). Reduced white matter integrity in amygdala-prefrontal cortex pathways in Williams syndrome. Neuroimage, 59, 887-894. [PubMedCentral] [Neuroimage]
Thorton-Wells, TA, Avery, SN, Blackford, JU (2011). Using novel control groups to dissect the amygdala's role in Williams syndrome. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 1, 295-304.[PubMedCentral] [DCN]
Clauss, JA, Cowan, RL, and Blackford, JU (2011). Expectation and temperament moderate amygdala and dorsal anterion cingulate responses to fear faces. Cognitive Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience,11(1),13-21. [PubMedCentral] [CABN] 
Blackford, JU & Love, R. (2011). Dialectical behavior therapy group skills training in a community mental health setting: A pilot study. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 61(4), 645-657. [PubMedCentral]
Blackford, JU, Avery, SN, Cowan, RL, Shelton, RC & Zald, DH (2011). Sustained amygdala response to both novel and newly familiar faces characterizes inhibited temperament. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 6(5), 621–629 [PubMedCentral] [SCAN]
Blackford, JU, Buckholtz, JW, Avery SN, and Zald, DH (2010). A unique role for the human amygdala in novelty detection. Neuroimage, 50(3), 1188-1193. [PubMedCentral]
Blackford, JU, Avery, SN, Shelton, RC and Zald, DH (2009). Amygdala temporal dynamics: Temperamental differences in the timing of amygdala response to familiar and novel faces. BMC Neuroscience:10(1): 145.  [PubMedCentral] [BMC Neuroscience] 
Blackford, JU.  (2009). Propensity Scores: A method for matching on multiple confounding variables in Down syndrome research. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 47(5), 348-357.  [PubMedCentral] [IDD]
Blackford, JU, Salomon RM, Waller, NG (2009). Detecting change in biological rhythms: A multivariate permutation test approach to Fourier-transformed data. Chronobiology International, 26(2), 258-281.     MPT Fourier(zip file, 4kb) [PubMedCentral]
Hahn, MK, Blackford, JU, Haman, K, Mazei-Robison, M, English, B, Prasad, H, Steele, A, Hazelwood, L, Fentress, H, Myers, R, Blakely, RD, Sanders-Bush, E., Shelton, R. (2008).  Multivariate permutation analysis associates multiple polymorphisms with subphenotypes of major depression.. Genes, Brain, and Behavior, 7(4), 487-495.   [PubMedCentral] 
Blackford, JU (2007) Statistical Issues in Development Epidemiology and Developmental Disabilities research: Confounding Variables, Small sample size, and Numerous Outcome variables. International Review of Research in Mental Retardation, 33, 93-120.
Yoder, P, Blackford, JU, Waller, N, & Young, G (2004).  Enhancing power while controlling family-wise error: an illustration of the issues using electrocortical studies.  Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 26(3), 320-331.
Blackford, JU & Walden, TA (1998).   Individual differences in social referencing:  Effects of temperamental fear on referencing, regulation, and parent messages.   Infant Behavior and Development, 21(1), 89-102.
Statistical Programs

Blackford JU.  Multivariate permutation testing for independent t-tests [computer program]. Nashville, TN:  Vanderbilt Kennedy Center for Research in Human Development, 2002.  (Requires R Project statistical software.) 
Blackford JU.  Multivariate permutation testing for paired t-tests [computer program]. Nashville, TN:  Vanderbilt Kennedy Center for Research in Human Development, 2002.  (Requires R Project statistical software.) 
Blackford JU.  Multivariate permutation testing for bivariate correlations [computer program and manual]. Version 1.2. Nashville, TN:  Vanderbilt Kennedy Center for Research in Human Development, 2002.  (Requires R Project statistical software).
Blackford, JU. Fourier transform and multivariate permutation testing for paired t-tests [computer program]. Nashville, TN. Vanderbilt Kennedy Center for Research in Human Development, 2008. (Requires R Project statistical software).
 MPT Fourier(zip file, 4kb) Vanderbilt Psychiatric Neuroimaging Program Vanderbilt Department of Psychiatry Vanderbilt University Medical Center